In the state of Arizona one encounters a dry desert and semi-desert climate, which turns into a steppe climate in the north. Depending on the altitude, Arizona can be hot to very hot in summer. The average temperatures are between 30 and over 40 degrees Celsius, and peak values of over 50 degrees Celsius have already been recorded. The winters are mild in the lowlands, only colder at high altitudes.
The proximity of the Rocky Mountains ensures high day / night fluctuations in temperatures. At night it is on average 15 degrees colder than during the day, in both summer and winter. The annual rainfall is between 100 and a maximum of 500 mm. This results in a low level of humidity, which makes the heat of the summer months a little more bearable. It rains most in the months of July to November.
Arizona is extremely rich in hours of sunshine. The capital of the US state of Arizona, Phoenix, is located in the “Valley of the Sun” and has 325 sunny days a year. Yuma, located in the south on the Colorado River and not far from the border with Mexico, is even the sunniest place in the world with around 4000 hours of sunshine. It almost never rains in Yuma: an average of 85 mm per year.
In the north, dominated by the Colorado Plateau – this is also where the Grand Canyon is located – it is noticeably cooler. Significantly more precipitation falls here, in winter also as snow.
Best time to visit Arizona
According to ehotelat, the best time to travel to Arizona is spring or fall. Then it is already pleasantly mild, but not too hot. In many places you won’t have to unpack your umbrella, especially in spring. A jacket for the sometimes cool evenings should be taken with you as a precaution.
Even if the residents of Arizona boast about the abundance of sunshine in their state, in July and August they avoid leaving their air-conditioned buildings or cars if possible.
Winter sports enthusiasts can indulge in their hobby in the north near Flagstaff in the Arizona Snowball winter sports center. Flagstaff is cold and snow sure in winter. Tourists from the USA, especially from Arizona itself, love to go to Flagstaff in the winter.
There are some natural resources in Arizona, agriculture and industry are very well developed. The state is primarily known to tourists for its canyons and desert landscapes.
But tourists can not only experience a particularly fascinating landscape in Arizona. There is a wide range of different sights to see here.
So you should definitely make a detour to St. Mary’s Basilica. The church is over 120 years old and one of the oldest Catholic churches in Phoenix.
A visit to the London Bridge in Lake Havasu City can also be interesting. The bridge was originally located in London. However, since this was no longer able to cope with the modern traffic volume in London, it should actually be torn down and make way for a successor building. The London Bridge was bought by the industrialist Robert P. McCulloch Sr. in 1831. He had the bridge dismantled into its individual parts and brought to Arizona, where it was rebuilt in the Lake Havasu side canal that was specially constructed for you. In 1971 the new or old bridge was inaugurated.
One of the most modern buildings in Phoenix, the capital of Arizona, is the Sky Harbor International Airport and a must for every tourist.
The Hoover Dam is also worth seeing. Between 1931 and 1935 it was an absolute architectural masterpiece. The dam has a height of 221 meters. At the bottom it is 201 meters wide and at the top fourteen meters. The generators used here generate an annual output of 2,000 megawatts.
When visiting Arizona, there is no need to neglect education. There are some interesting cultural and scientific institutions here, such as Arizona State University or the University of Arizona.
Museum lovers don’t miss out either. There is the Phoenix Museum of History to visit here, but the Arizona Science Center in Poenix should also be seen. This is an interactive science museum on the most diverse phenomena that exist in nature.
The Heard Museum is an absolute highlight of the museums. It is housed in a historic building from the Spanish colonial era. Here you can see the most diverse historical and contemporary art and everyday objects of the Indians from the southwest. Other interesting museums in Arizona include the Phoenix Art Museum, the Tucson Museum of Art, and the Arizona State Museum.
If you are interested in stargazing, you should definitely not miss a visit to the Large Binocular Telescope. The observatory is located on the three thousand meter high Graham Mountain. The special thing about it is that it has two metrological mirrors that are eight meters high.
Tourists who want to know something about bygone times and the old flair should take a look at Bisbee. Bisbee is an old copper mining town founded in 1880. Even today, the Victorian flair can still be clearly felt in the city. You can see a listed old town with many Victorian houses.
But Arizona also has some natural attractions to offer. There are some interesting national parks to visit. As a nature lover, you will definitely get your money’s worth here. The most interesting parks would be Grand Canyon National Park, Petrified Forest National Park, and Saguaro National Park. In the national parks of Arizona you can experience a unique flora and fauna. Impressive canyons also make the Arizona vacation an experience. Many of the canyons also offer the opportunity to go canoeing.