Gabon Population

Gabon Population

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Gabon is 2,230,908, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 2,230,908
Population growth rate 2.50%
Birth rate 34.20 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall 52.15 years
Men 51.58 years
Women 52.74 years
Age structure
0-14 years 37.45%
15-64 years 58.64%
65 years and above 3.91%
Median age 18.60 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.99
Population density 8.33 residents per km²
Urbanization 83.80%
approx. 40 ethnic groups (mainly Bantu groups, Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba), 154,000 Europeans, 10,700 of them French and 11,000 people with dual nationalities.
Christians 55% -75%, animists, Muslims less than 1%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.702
HDI ranking 115th out of 194

People in Gabon

Two million people live in Gabon. That corresponds to the population of Hamburg. Thus Gabon is a very sparsely populated country. In addition, half of the population lives in the three cities of Libreville, Port-Gentil and Franceville. Overall, 89 percent of Gabonese live in cities and, accordingly, only 11 percent in rural areas.

Which ethnic groups live in Gabon?

The residents of Gabon belong to around 40 ethnic groups. Most of these are Bantu peoples, that is, they speak Bantu languages. The largest group are the catch with around 38 percent of the population. Nzebi, Mbete, Bapunu and Obamba are other larger ethnic groups. Four percent are Batéké. Only 1.5 percent belong to a pygmy people, the indigenous people of Gabon. Babongo in the south and Baka in the northeast are among them. The Baka are the only ones who do not speak a Bantu language in Gabon.

Languages in Gabon

The official language in Gabon is French. Gabon was a French colony for many years. So it has remained the language of administration, education and the media. 80 percent of the population can speak French.

The different peoples who live in Gabon also speak their own languages. Except for the language of the Baka, these are all Bantu languages. So they belong to a language family. Because Fang are the largest ethnic group, their language is also the most widely spoken. In the north of Gabon it is an important lingua franca and is therefore also spoken by other ethnic groups. Mbere, Punu (language of the Bapunu), Teke and Njebi also have a larger number of speakers.

Religions in Gabon

88 percent of Gabonese are Christians. Catholics form the majority among them. Muslims are a minority in the country at six percent.

The Bwiti cult is also practiced by the Babongo and Mitsoko peoples. The traditional natural religions with their belief in natural spirits and an ancestral cult mix with elements from Christianity. Bwiti originated in the middle of the 19th century. Young men are accepted into the community in an initiation rite. You need to eat large amounts of the iboga root, which will put you into a high. Music also plays a role in the ritual.

Gabon Overview

Gabon, located on the west coast of Central Africa, is known for its large biodiversity and vast tracts of protected parkland. The country’s diverse ecosystems range from coastal beaches to dense rainforests, home to gorillas, elephants, and leopards. Its capital, Libreville, sits along the Atlantic coast and is known for its seafront boulevards and French colonial architecture. Gabon’s economy is significantly supported by its petroleum and timber resources. Additionally, it is recognized for its efforts in conservation, notably with its national parks like Loango and Lopé, which are central to its tourism industry.

State Facts of Gabon:

  • Capital City: Libreville
  • Population: Approximately 2.2 million
  • Area: Approximately 267,667 square kilometers
  • Full Country Name: Gabonese Republic
  • Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)
  • Language: French
  • ISO Country Codes: GA, GAB, 266

Bordering Countries of Gabon

Gabon is a Central African country bordered by the Republic of the Congo to the west, Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, and the Gulf of Guinea to the east. It covers an area of 267,667 square kilometers with a population of approximately 2 million people. The landscape consists mostly of tropical rainforest with some savanna and mountainous areas in its northern regions. The main river in Gabon is the Ogooué River which flows through its central region and forms part of its western border with Congo.

The Republic of Congo covers an area of 342,000 square kilometers and is home to around 5 million people. It borders Gabon in both the south and west with Equatorial Guinea located nearby in between them. The landscape consists mainly of tropical rainforest but there are also some grasslands and savannas that are found towards its southern regions. Congo is well known for its wildlife such as gorillas found in Odzala National Park as well as for its diversity in culture ranging from Pygmies to French-speaking Congolese people living mainly along its coasts.

Equatorial Guinea is a small country located between Gabon and Cameroon that covers an area of 28,051 square kilometers with a population just over 1 million people. Its landscape consists mostly of tropical rainforest but there are also some grasslands near its coasts which are home to some unique species such as chimpanzees found in Monte Alen National Park. Equatorial Guinea has many attractions such as Bioko Island which is known for its beautiful beaches, volcanic mountains, mangrove swamps and historic colonial buildings left behind by Spanish settlers who once occupied it during colonial times. Additionally, it has many interesting museums such as Museo Nacional de Malabo which houses artifacts from all periods of Equatorial Guinea’s history including traditional masks used during traditional ceremonies like funerals or weddings.


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