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Tag: Ethiopia

Ethiopia Literature

Ethiopia Literature

Studies of ancient literature (in the Ge’ez language) continued copiously (editions and interpretation of texts, historical and literary and linguistic studies), essentially outside Ethiopia. The magical-religious and therapeutic literature in Ge’ez and Amharic has also been subjected to particular and in-depth research. Literature in modern languages ​​has had considerable development, with the new socialist-Marxist regime sanctioning the right of each ethnic group to have its own written language. The first application of this recognition took place through the adoption of…

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Ethiopia Modern and Amharic Literature

Ethiopia Modern and Amharic Literature

Of the languages ​​currently spoken in Abyssinia and in the dependent regions, Amharic has almost exclusively assumed some literary importance. The hárari has its own small literature (especially poetic and juridical), which has not yet been illustrated. The tigrai was written only occasionally (for example, Statuto dei Loggo Sarda), other than what could have been written by the work or influence of Europeans. The other languages ​​have nothing but oral literature, and what has been collected in writing (tigray, bileno,…

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Ethiopia Physical Constitution

Ethiopia Physical Constitution

Extension and limits. – Regular international treaties concluded in recent decades with the European powers dominating the neighboring territories (Italy, France, England) have almost exactly defined the borders. As for the Eritrean-Ethiopian border, which goes from Ombrega sul Setit to Daddato, in Danakil, 60 km away. from the coast of the Red Sea, the point where the borders of French Somalia converge, please refer to what is said in the Eritrean entry. The border with French Somalia was conventionally established…

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Ethiopia History – Middle Age

Ethiopia History – Middle Age

In 1270 Yekuno Amlāk (“May the Lord be for him”) took over the kingdom and founded the new Solomonid dynasty, moving the seat of the kingdom even further south, from Lāstā to Scioa (Šawā). Soon his successors had to face a bitter and very long struggle against the Muslims of the South. Indeed, as the Aksumite kingdom expanded towards the interior of the plateau from north to south, Muslim propaganda also advancing towards the plateau from east to west based…

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Ethiopia Historical and Administrative Subdivisions

Ethiopia Historical and Administrative Subdivisions

The classic name of Ethiopia (from the Gr. Αἰϑίοψ “which has the face burned” from αἴϑω “I burn” and ὄψ “face”; toponym: Gr. Αἰϑιοπία [χώρα], Lat. Aethiopia [ regio ]) which already served to indicate all the part of the African continent south of Egypt and in a broader sense also all of eastern Africa, is used today to officially distinguish the great empire (Mangesta Ityopy ā) which, born in ancient times, knew, through struggles and various events, maintain autonomy…

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Ethiopia History – The Advent of the Republic

Ethiopia History – The Advent of the Republic

In 1974 the negus was deposed and power was assumed by a committee of officers and soldiers (Derg), which abrogated the Constitution and created a Military Council chaired by A. Andom. Drastic measures were taken: proclamation of socialism, abolition of feudalism, nationalization of all lands, land reform with the aim of setting up cooperatives, nationalization of banks, insurance companies and foreign companies. Subsequent disputes within the Derg led to the killing of Andom and the same fate befell his successor…

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Ethiopia Architecture and Cinema

Ethiopia Architecture and Cinema

Architecture. – From the end of the Second World War to today, from the return of the monarchy to the subsequent passage to the people’s revolutionary government, Ethiopia unfortunately it has always been in a position of weakness, its being a support economy. This is why the country, despite its huge past architectural heritage, cannot boast a contemporary national architecture, but must, also in this respect, refer to foreign interventions of an international character. However, the intervention plans for the…

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Ethiopia Demographics 1968

Ethiopia Demographics 1968

Population. – According to surveys carried out by means of samples, the Ethiopian population in 1968 must have amounted to about 22,078,274 residents of rural areas and about 4,000,000 residents in urban centers, with a total total of about 26,000,000; an annual increase indicates the figure of 2.2%, which, in 1971, would have brought the total population to about 28 million; but these are very presumptive figures. The average population density is calculated at 22 residents per km 2, with…

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Ethiopia Dictionary of History

Ethiopia Dictionary of History

Very ancient territorial, human and cultural entity of the Horn of Africa, which has its continuity in the modern State of Ethiopia. The historical heart of Ethiopia they are the highlands of the Center-North, which during the 1st millennium BC saw the settlement of groups of Semitic language, of South Arabian origin, which merged with native Cushites giving rise to the people called habashat (➔ Abyssinia). Strong were among the centuries. 4th and 1st BC South Arabian and Hellenistic influences….

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Ethiopia Early History

Ethiopia Early History

PREHISTORY According to agooddir, the findings of fossil hominids from Ethiopia they are to be counted among the oldest and most important. Among the discoveries we should mention: the first fragment of hominid femur (site of Maka, 4-3.5 million years), the remains of the first Australopithecus afarensis (including the skeleton called Lucy by its discoverer, Don Johanson), dated around 2.8-2.7 million years (site of Hadar), and one of the first known settlements (Gomborè), dated around 1.7 -1.6 million years. The…

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Ethiopia Economic Sectors

Ethiopia Economic Sectors

In the agricultural sector, companies have been set up which, with the help of foreign capital and technology, have started rational and mechanized cultivation, most of them in the Awàš river valley, falling under the leadership of the Awàš Valley Authority (in English: Awash Valley Authority – acronym AVA), established in 1962 by the Ethiopian state for the agricultural and industrial development of the river region. There are also experimental projects of government initiative, with the participation of foreign capital…

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Ethiopia Geography

Ethiopia Geography

According to 800zipcodes, Ethiopia is a state of East Africa. It borders to the North with Eritrea, to the East with Somalia and the Republic of Djibouti, to the South with Kenya, to the West with South Sudan. The country, typically mountainous, can be briefly divided into three major morphological regions: the Ethiopian Highlands proper, the Danakil and the Galla-Somali Plateau. The base of the entire region is formed by eruptive and metamorphic pre-paleozoic crystalline rocks. This rocky substratum appears…

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