According to INDEXDOTCOM, the area now known as Georgia has been inhabited by humans for thousands of years, but the state was not officially established until 1732. The first permanent European settlers in Georgia were Spanish explorers and missionaries from the 1500s, and the region was eventually colonized by England in 1733. In 1777, Georgia became one of the original Thirteen Colonies and declared its independence from Britain in 1776. During this time, a new state government was formed and a new constitution was adopted in 1777. In the early 1800s, cotton production had become one of the most important economic activities in the state. This led to an increase in slavery, which caused tension between northern and southern states leading up to the Civil War. Georgia seceded from the Union on January 19, 1861 and joined the Confederate States of America on February 4th. After four years of fighting, General William T Sherman captured Atlanta on September 2nd 1864 and forced Confederate forces out of most of Georgia by December 21st. Following Reconstruction after the Civil War, segregation laws were enacted that created a separate but unequal system for African Americans across all aspects of life in Georgia until they were declared unconstitutional by federal courts during the 1950s and 1960s. During this period, civil rights activists such as Martin Luther King Jr., Ralph David Abernathy, Andrew Young and many others fought to end racial injustice across America. In 1971, Jimmy Carter became governor of Georgia after running on a platform focused on civil rights issues which helped to usher in a new era of equality for all citizens regardless of race or ethnicity. Today, Georgia is one of 50 U.S states with a population estimated at 10 million people with Atlanta as its capital city. It is home to many large corporations including Coca-Cola, Delta Air Lines and Home Depot among others while also being known for its rich cultural heritage including music (especially hip hop), film production (Hollywood South) and sports teams such as MLB’s Atlanta Braves and NFL’s Atlanta Falcons among others. Check Agooddir for more about Georgia.