Tag: New Mexico
According to INDEXDOTCOM, the history of New Mexico dates back to the Paleo-Indian period, which began over 13,000 years ago. Archaeological evidence suggests that the first inhabitants of New Mexico were nomadic hunter-gatherers who followed herds of large mammals across the land. From around 800 CE, Ancestral Puebloans began to settle in villages and built complex irrigation systems for farming. This culture flourished until the Spanish arrived in 1598, led by Don Juan de Oñate. The Spanish introduced horses and cattle, as well as Christianity and new technologies such as metal tools. The Puebloans fought fiercely against Spanish rule, culminating in a successful revolt in 1680 known as the Pueblo Revolt. In 1821, Mexico gained independence from Spain and New Mexico became part of Mexico’s northern territories. After the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), New Mexico became part of the United States through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. After this point, many Anglo-Americans moved into New Mexico and conflict arose between them and Native American communities over land disputes. In 1912, New Mexico was granted statehood and since then it has become a culturally diverse state with a unique blend of Native American, Hispanic/Latino, and Anglo cultures that have shaped its history up to today. Check Agooddir for more about New Mexico.