What is the capital of California?

What is the capital of California?

California became the official state of the United States in 1850 as the 31st state in a row. It is located in the southwestern tip of the United States and its neighboring states are Oregon, Nevada and Arizona ; in the south it borders Mexico. The capital of the state of California is Sacramento.

The Spaniards were the first European colonizers to gain influence in present-day California. After Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821, California became part of Mexico. However, the first American and British settlers already penetrated from the interior. Subsequently, California managed to gain independence from Mexico and a republic was created there, which, however, did not last long.

After the Mexican-American War, the area was divided, and only part of the peninsula remained from the original California; the American part gradually became the states of California, Nevada, Arizona, Colorado and Utah. With the onset of the gold rush, crowds of other settlers began to flock to California, and the population grew rapidly. In 1850, California was annexed to the United States as an official state.

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California is very diverse geographically, with several large mountains such as the Sierra Nevada or Cascade Range, many valleys and lakes. At the same time, California is a coastal state and the ocean has a significant impact on the local climate.

There are relatively dry and warm summers and colder winters with frequent rainfall, especially in the north of the state. Further inland, temperatures are a bit more extreme – higher in summer and colder in winter. Temperatures can be very different in different parts of the country, especially in connection with the altitude, which ranges from sea level to values ​​exceeding 4000 meters above sea level.

California also offers many tourist attractions and parks. Popular national parks include Yosemite, Sequoia and Death Valley.

California’s economy is highly developed; if it were an independent state, it would be one of the world’s largest economies in terms of volume. In agriculture, California is famous especially for growing fruits and vegetables. After World War II, industry developed greatly in California, such as the manufacture of vehicles and electronics, and in recent decades, California has become a popular location for technology companies. The entertainment industry also forms a significant part of the state’s economy; Los Angeles is the world’s center of film, and of course tourism.

There are a number of large cities in California – the largest of which is Los Angeles, which has a population of about 3.8 million, although the metropolitan area around the city has about 16 million residents. Other important cities include San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco and Fresno. The capital of California is Sacramento with 470 thousand inhabitants.

The capital of California – Sacramento

The capital of the state of California is Sacramento. It is located in central California and has a population of approximately 480,000; the metropolitan area of ​​this city has a population of 2.6 million.

Sacramento is the oldest officially recognized California city – it was founded in 1850. In connection with the creation of the state of California as an official state of the USA, the capital was moved here; it was definitely transferred here in 1879.

Sacramento is located in central California, about 140 miles northeast of San Francisco and the Pacific Coast. The climate here is very pleasant with warm and dry summers and mild winters, which are, however, characterized by frequent rainfall. The highest average summer temperatures reach almost 35 degrees, in December and January daily temperatures rise to an average of 12 degrees Celsius.


California state flag

The flag of the state of California was adopted in 1911.

State information

Abbreviation CA
Name California
Capital Sacramento
Largest city Los Angeles
Population 38,332,521 (2013)
Area 423,968 km 2
Accession to the Union Sep 9, 1850
The highest point Mount Whitney (4,421 m)