Georgia is one of the founding states of the United States; It became the official state fourth in 1788 after the approval of the United States Constitution. Georgia is located in the southeastern part of the United States and borders five states – Alabama, Florida, Tennessee and South and North Carolina. The capital of Georgia is Atlanta.
The British colony of Georgia was founded in 1733. Over the following years, its inhabitants had to face the invasion of the Spaniards, who eventually gave up the fight for Georgia. During the American Revolution, Georgia was one of the provinces that signed the Declaration of Independence, and after the adoption of the United States Constitution in January 1788, it became the fourth United States. During the American Civil War, southern Georgia was a member of the Confederacy and a number of battles took place on its territory. Georgia became a member of the Union again in 1870, as the last state of the former Confederation.
Georgia is a coastal state whose altitude is gradually increasing from the ocean to the north. To the north, the Blue Ridge Mountains extend with the highest peak at 1458 meters above sea level.
- Georgia Zip Codes: Offers a complete list of all postal codes in Georgia by city and county.
In addition to higher elevations, Georgia has a humid subtropical climate. Summers are very warm and humid with average peak temperatures exceeding 30 degrees Celsius. In winter, in most countries the lowest average temperature remains above freezing; in the northern part of the state, in higher elevations, temperatures are noticeably lower in both summer and winter.
In a historically farming state, the importance of this sector has receded somewhat into the background, yet Georgia is a very important producer of nuts, tobacco and corn; Cattle and poultry farming is also widespread. Of the industries, the textile industry in Georgia has a long history, as well as the production of transport equipment and the food industry. Due to its pleasant climate, Georgia is a popular tourist destination, and the capital Atlanta is a major transportation hub with one of the largest airports in the world.
The capital of Georgia has been Atlanta since 1868. It is the largest city in Georgia with more than 400,000 inhabitants. However, the metropolitan area around this city is significantly larger and, together with the surrounding municipalities, includes over five million inhabitants.
The capital of Georgia – Atlanta
The capital of Georgia has been Atlanta since 1868. It is located in the northwestern part of the state and is the clear center of Georgia. Although Atlanta has only 400,000 inhabitants, together with the surrounding municipalities, it forms a metropolitan area with more than 5 million residents.
Atlanta was founded in the 1940s, when a railroad was built in Georgia. A settlement gradually arose around the railroad terminal, and in 1847 the city of Atlanta was officially established there. During the Civil War, a number of battles took place in Georgia and Atlanta was almost completely burned. After the war, it was quickly restored and, thanks to good railway accessibility, the capital was transferred here in 1868 from Milledgeville. By the end of the 19th century, Atlanta was already Georgia’s largest city.
Atlanta lies at an altitude of 320 meters, which is the highest altitude of major cities east of the Mississippi River. Atlanta is situated at the foot of the hills that form part of the Appalachian Mountains. Nevertheless, due to the location and relative proximity of the ocean, there is a humid subtropical climate with very hot and humid summers, during which temperatures regularly rise above 30 degrees Celsius. In winter, night frosts are common and the average daytime temperature is around 6 degrees. The southeastern United States is generally rich in precipitation, which is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year.
Atlanta is a major air junction; Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta Airport is the world’s largest airport, handling nearly 100 million passengers annually.
The flag of Georgia was adopted in 2003.
|Abbreviation||GA (Reference: AbbreviationFinder)|
|Area||153,910 km 2|
|Accession to the Union||Jan 2, 1788|
|The highest point||Brasstown Bald (1,458 m)|
Fort Pulaski National Monument
The historic Fort Pulaski is located in the port of Savannah in the US state of Georgia. It was built during the American Civil War to defend against attacks by enemy troops. However, on April 10, 1862, she succumbed to about 18 hours of shelling by Federal artillery and surrendered. During the attack, for the first time in history, a drilled cannon with a thread in the barrel was used, which had a really great effect. This fact shocked perhaps all the world’s generals, who gave the order to reshape and improve fortification theories.
Fort Pulaski is a very large fortress, which nowadays serves only as a large tourist attraction. At the time of its creation, it had 2 meter thick brick walls and people thought it was unbreakable and therefore impregnable. It is accessible to tourists all year round, during the tour you will learn about its history and the battles that took place here. In addition, guides dressed in period costumes and Union uniforms will guide you here. You pay about $3 to enter the fort.
The fort is located on Cockpur Island. If you’re lucky, you can witness the firing of rifles and even cannons. Walking around the fort, you can see crocodiles basking in the moats, which are one of the local attractions. But sometimes they move quite close to the footpath leading around the fort, so be careful.