The state of Utah is located in the western part of the United States. Utah became the official state of the USA in 1896 as the 45th state in a row. It borders six US states – Nevada in the west, Idaho and Wyoming in the north, Colorado in the eastern neighbor, and Utah and Arizona in the southern border ; Utah in the southeast also has a common point with New Mexico. The capital of the state of Utah is the city of Salt Lake City.
Like most of the United States, present-day Utah was inhabited by Native American tribes. The first Europeans arrived in the region as early as the sixteenth century, but the landscape was not thoroughly explored by European colonists until the nineteenth century, when Europeans discovered the Great Salt Lake. In the middle of the 19th century, the area experienced an influx of Mormons, who found peace in this inhospitable country for their religious activities. The area, long under formal Spanish rule, became officially part of the United States after the Mexican-American War of 1848 after an episode under Mexican rule.
The newly formed territory of Utah was even larger at the time than today’s state of Utah (which included Nevada and parts of Wyoming and Colorado), and Brigham Young, the most important Mormon settler, became its governor. The states of Nevada and parts of Colorado and Wyoming were gradually separated from the territory of Utah, and Utah also applied for admission to the Union as an official state on several occasions. However, the United States resisted this mainly due to Mormon customs, mainly permitted by polygamy. The state did not emerge from Utah until 1896, after the ban on polygamy was incorporated into the constitution of the newly formed state of Utah.
- Utah Zip Codes: Offers a complete list of all postal codes in Utah by city and county.
Utah is geographically very diverse; there are high mountains Wasatch Range or Uinta Mountains, where also lies the highest point of the state of Utah – Kings Peak with a peak at an altitude of 4120 meters. In addition to the high mountains, there are large areas of the desert type and one of the most famous geographical landmarks of Utah is the Great Salt Lake.
Utah is characterized by a semi-desert to desert climate, although the climate is significantly different, especially in the high mountains. In general, Utah is a very dry state due to the rain shadow formed by the high Sierra Nevada mountains. The weather in Utah often takes on somewhat more extreme forms – the summers are very hot in most of the state, sometimes reaching the highest average temperature of more than 35 degrees. Winters, on the other hand, are relatively cold, with the highest daily temperatures in the north not exceeding freezing.
Conditions are not the most favorable for agriculture in Utah; more important than crop cultivation is the breeding of cattle, sheep or poultry. After World War II, Utah experienced rapid industrial development and Utah is now a center of research in the field of aeronautics and armaments. Tourism is also important for the state’s economy; There are a number of winter resorts and ski resorts, and in 2002 Salt Lake City hosted the Winter Olympics.
The largest and also the capital of the state of Utah is Salt Lake City with less than two hundred thousand inhabitants. Other major cities include West Valley City and Provo.
The flag of the state of Utah was adopted in 2011.
|Abbreviation||UT (Reference: AbbreviationFinder)|
|Capital||Salt Lake City|
|Largest city||Salt Lake City|
|Populace||2 900 872 (2013)|
|Accession to the Union||4. 1. 1896|
|The highest point||Kings Peak (4 125 m)|
The capital of Utah – Salt Lake City
The capital of the state of Utah is Salt Lake City. It was first settled by the Mormons in 1847 and today has a population of almost 200,000; together with the surrounding cities, it forms an agglomeration with more than 1.1 million residents.
In 1847, groups of Mormons anchored at the site of present-day Salt Lake City, seeking new territory for their place of work where they could devote themselves to their religious activities. Shortly afterwards, they began building a church called the Salt Lake Temple, which later became the main landmark of the entire city. Thanks to the influx of Mormon settlers as well as gold diggers, who were attracted to the area by the gold rush in the mid-19th century, the city grew rapidly and became one of the largest cities in the American “wild” West. The Utah Territory was established in 1950, with Fillmore as its capital, but eight years later it was replaced by Salt Lake City.
Today, Salt Lake City is Utah’s largest economic center and also the Mormon’s religious center. Its dominant feature is the gigantic Temple, which was built for forty years and completed in 1893. The city is home to several universities, such as the University of Utah, and received worldwide attention especially in 2002, when the Winter Olympics took place here.