Washington State is located in the northwestern tip of the continental United States. Washington became the official state of the USA in 1889 as the 42nd state in the order. In addition to Canada, it borders two other US states – Idaho in the east and Oregon in the south. The capital of Washington state is the city of Olympia.
The area in the northwest of today’s United States was inhabited by Native American tribes long before the arrival of Europeans. The Spaniards were the first colonists to visit the region in the second half of the 18th century, but the British soon began to claim their territory. After the creation of the independent United States, territorial claims became a point of contention between Britain and the United States, which was not resolved by mutual agreement in 1846. Today, the state of Washington was part of Oregon;. This included, in addition to today’s state of Washington, parts of present-day Montana and Idaho. The final boundaries of the future state were established in 1863, and in 1889 Washington became the official state of Washington.
The geographical landmark of the state of Washington is the Cascade Range, which stretches from north to south and thus divides Washington into two parts, differing mainly in its climate. There are several volcanoes in the mountains; one of the most famous is Mt. Rainier, the highest point of the state with an altitude of 4392 meters or Mt. St. Helens.
- Washington Zip Codes: Offers a complete list of all postal codes in Washington by city and county.
The western part of the state is characterized by an oceanic climate with mild winters and a significant amount of precipitation from autumn to spring, as well as relatively dry summers. In contrast, there is a semi-desert climate to the east of the Cascade Range, and the area is significantly poorer in precipitation than the west of the state. The highest average summer temperatures in western Washington are around 25 degrees Celsius, and in winter around 8 degrees. In the east, both values are a little more pronounced – about 28 degrees in summer and around zero in winter.
Washington state’s economy is relatively diversified; Industry has a strong position here, especially the production of means of transport (for example, the aircraft giant Boeing is based here), the food industry and the production of electricity – there are a number of large hydroelectric power plants on the Columbia River. The forestry and wood processing industries are also developed, as well as the agricultural sector – Washington is a major American producer of fruit, especially apples and pears, as well as wheat, corn and vegetables.
The capital of the state of Washington is Olympia, which is located in the western part of the state. However, the largest city and economic center of the state is Seattle, with a population of 6,000.
The Washington state flag was adopted in 1923.
|Abbreviation||WA (Reference: AbbreviationFinder)|
|Populace||6 971 406 (2013)|
|Accession to the Union||11. 11. 1889|
|The highest point||Mount Rainier (4 394 m)|
The capital of Washington – Olympia
The capital of Washington state is the city of Olympia. It was settled in 1846 and today has about fifty thousand inhabitants.
Today’s name Olympia was given to the city in 1853, thanks to its proximity to the Olympic Mountains. In the same year, Olympia also became the capital of the newly created territory of Washington and subsequently, after the establishment of the official state, also the capital of the state of Washington.
The city of Olympia is located in the western part of the state in the south of Puget Sound. This is a geologically not very stable area; the city was damaged several times by an earthquake, most recently in 2001. The old Capitol building from 1893, the State Historical Museum and the new Capitol building are historically interesting.